Pest Management

National pest management strategy

A national pest management strategy is designed to provide for the coordinated management or eradication of pests. It sets out how pests are to be managed and by which agency. The Biosecurity (National Bovine Tuberculosis Pest Management Strategy) Order 1998 is an example of such a strategy. The objective of the strategy is to manage the organism that causes the disease of bovine tuberculosis across a range of New Zealand terrains.

 A national pest management strategy has statutory force and can include rules both requiring people to do specific things and prohibiting specific actions. For example, the strategy can require any person to help monitor the presence or distribution of a pest, or to control or eradicate the pest. In addition, a levy can be imposed through Order in Council to fund the implementation of the strategy.

Koi carp, which are invasive introduced fish and contribute to poor water quality, being removed from a river (Crown Copyright: Department of Conservation: Te Papa Atawhai, n.d)

Regional pest management strategy

Regional pest management strategies are plans which describe why and how various animal and plant pests will be controlled within a particular region. These strategies are a useful tool for managing serious threats to indigenous biodiversity and generally seek outcomes that benefit biodiversity in a local area by managing pests.

Similar provisions apply to regional pest management strategies as those for national strategies. However, in this case the proposal for a strategy is notified by the regional council. During its preparation, the regional council is required to consult with affected Ministers, local authorities, iwi authorities and tribal rūnanga. Regional pest management strategies must be consistent with statutory plans prepared under the RMA. It is best practice to link the regional pest management strategies to broader biodiversity outcomes specified in these planning frameworks. Pest management makes an important contribution to other council functions, including maintaining and enhancing biodiversity within a region.

The use of regional pest management strategies as a management approach to restore and protect biodiversity within specific environments is discussed in further detail in Part Two where relevant to specific environments.

Implementation of pest management strategies

The national and regional pest management strategies are required to specify which management agency is responsible for their implementation. That agency is required to prepare an operational plan within three months of the strategy being adopted. It is then required to make a report on the plan after each financial year.

Small-scale management programme

A regional council may take action to manage an unwanted organism in the absence of a pest management strategy being prepared. This is to enable timely control to be undertaken when a pest is detected. It is called a ‘small-scale management programme’ under the legislation and can only be undertaken if the organism can be eradicated or controlled effectively by small-scale measures within three years. The programme must be publicly notified. Under it, regional councils can obtain a range of powers to implement the programme, including powers to search, inspect, seize goods, destroy organisms and give directions.

Last updated at 1:55PM on February 25, 2015