Best Practice Coastal Planning

This section has been provided to assist councils, and others with an interest in coastal planning, in developing policies and plans which help ensure positive outcomes for the coast. Both statutory and non-statutory planning documents can be used to set goals for coastal management and to provide mechanisms to help achieve them. Some of these, such as national policy statements, national environmental standards, regional policy statements and regional and district plans, are prepared under the RMA. Others, such as Long Term Plans and Annual Plans, are prepared under the Local Government Act. Yet others, such as coastal management strategies, coastal structure plans and the like, may have no statutory basis at all, but can provide a strategic planning framework to guide the development and implementation of statutory plans.

How do planning documents contribute to coastal management?

Authority for planning document

Type of planning document

Planning document is prepared by

Relevance to coastal management

Resource Management Act

Regional Policy Statements

Regional Councils

Overview of coastal management issues in the region, and policy and methods to achieve integrated management of the coastal environment

Regional Coastal Plans

Regional Councils

Objectives, policies and rules applying to the coastal marine area (below mean high water springs)

Other Regional Plans

Regional Councils

Objectives, policies and rules applying to land and freshwater management within the catchment and specific resource management issues in the coastal environment

District Plans

Territorial authorities

Objectives, policies and rules applying to subdivision and land use in the coastal environment. May contain structure plans for localised areas

Iwi planning documents

Iwi

Identification of coastal management issues of significance to iwi and how they can be addressed

Local Government Act

Long Term Plans

Regional Councils and Territorial Authorities

Identification of outcomes for the coast sought by the community over the next ten years or more

Annual Plans 

Regional Councils and Territorial Authorities

Financial provision for expenditure on coastal management and infrastructure

Non-statutory

Coastal Management Strategies

Regional Councils and Territorial Authorities (singly or jointly)

Long-term direction for the management of the coast

Urban growth strategies and other strategies

Regional Councils and Territorial Authorities (singly or jointly)

Long-term direction for the management of urban growth which impacts on the coastal environment

Structure Plans

Territorial Authorities

Spatial direction on how a local area is expected to develop

Last updated at 2:12PM on February 25, 2015