Objective C1 requires the improvement of integrated management of fresh water and the use and development of land, this includes interactions between freshwater, land, ecosystems and the coastal environment. Policy C1 provides that regional councils are to recognise the interactions, ki uta ki tai (from the mountains to the sea) between fresh water, land, associated ecosystems and the coastal environment, and manage catchments in an integrated and sustainable way, so as to avoid, remedy or mitigate adverse effects, including cumulative effects.
In order to implement this policy it is imperative that regional councils have knowledge of the activities that impact on the quality and quantity of freshwater; baseline data of existing discharges and water use in a catchment; project future discharges and uses; understand any trends in water quality and quantity; and use this information to set catchment limits for discharges and water use. Ongoing monitoring will be required to ensure the policy is implemented.
Policy C2 requires regional councils to make or change regional policy statements to provide for the integrated management of the effects of the use and development of land on fresh water, including encouraging the co-ordination and sequencing of regional and/or urban growth, land use and development and the provision of infrastructure.
Importantly, standards which protect freshwater values may not protect the values of the coastal environment (particularly estuaries). Regional councils will need to ensure freshwater objectives and limits will protect coastal waters when preparing freshwater plans. The NZCPS 2010 and its approach to water quality in the coastal environment will be relevant to the integrated management of fresh and coastal water.
Last updated at 5:57PM on November 16, 2017