Agencies

Marine management in New Zealand is split amongst multiple management agencies with overlapping responsibilities as set out in the table below. These agencies are described in more detail elsewhere on this website.

Agency/organisation

Areas of managemet focus

Key Legislation

Minister and Department of Conservation

-  Conservation of  natural and historic resources
-  Protected species
-  Marine protection
-  Coastal management 

-  Conservation Act 1987
-  Marine Mammals Protection Act 1978
-  Marine Reserves Act 1971
-  Resource Management Act 1991
-  Wildlife Act 1952
-  Marine and Coastal Area (Takutai Moana) Act 2011
-  Reserves Act 1977
-  Fisheries Act 1996
-  Exclusive Economic Zone and Continental Shelf (Environmental Effects ) Act 2012

Minister and Ministry for Primary Industries

-  Fisheries
-  Aquaculture
-  Biosecurity

-  Fisheries Act 1996
-  Treaty of Waitangi (Fisheries Claims) Settlement Act 1992
-  Fisheries (Quota Operations Validation) Act 1997
-  Māori Fisheries Act 2004
-  Māori Commercial Aquaculture Claims Settlement Act 2004
-  Biosecurity Act 1993

Minister of Energy and Resources and Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment

Allocation of minerals and petroleum resources 

Minister and Ministry for the Environment

Environmental policy development, including EEZ Act regulations

-  Resource Management Act 1991
-  Exclusive Economic Zone and Continental Shelf (Environmental Effects ) Act 2012
-  
Environmental Reporting Act - when enacted

Environmental Protection Authority

Specified activities in the EEZ and extended continental shelf including minerals and petroleum activities

Exclusive Economic Zone and Continental Shelf (Environmental Effects ) Act 2012

Maritime New Zealand

-  Shipping and marine pollution
-  Oil spill preparedness and response

Maritime Transport Act 1994

Heritage New Zealand Pouhere Taonga 

Protection of historic heritage places

Heritage New Zealand Pouhere Taonga Act 2014

Regional Councils

-  Catchment and marine management (excluding fisheries) to 12 nautical miles
-  Regional marine pest management

-  Resource Management Act 1991
-  Local Government Act 2002
-  Reserves Act 1977
-  Biosecurity Act 1993

Territorial authorities

Land use and subdivision 

-  Resource Management Act 1991
-  Local Government Act 2002
-  Reserves Act 1977

Iwi and hapū

Land use and subdivision 

-  Resource Management Act 1991
-  Local Government Act 2002
-  Reserves Act 1977

Last updated at 2:11PM on February 25, 2015